4 FM quick reads on Door Hardware
1. Lubricate Key Door Components Regularly
At some point in their performance lives, most door-hardware components require maintenance, due to general wear and tear from regular use, and sometimes abuse. Common types of repairs for door-hardware components include lubrication, adjustment, alignment and weather sealing.
Technicians should lubricate key components once every six months to a year, depending on the type of door and its level of use. Hinges and door closers might require a few drops of penetrating oil at the top so it runs down into the wearing surface between the pin and the housing. Technicians can use dry graphite from a spout-type bottle on lock mechanisms requiring lubricant.
This step prevents freezing of door hardware in cold weather, besides simply providing lubrication. The best time to schedule lubrication is just before cold weather starts. One caveat: Technicians should not lubricate electronic locks because graphite is an insulator, so it will interfere with the current flowing through the contacts.
The two parts of a door that most often require adjustments are hinges and closers. While lubricating door hardware components, technicians should ensure that hinge screws are tight. In time, wood doorframes can dry out, and screw holes can open up to allow the screw to continue turning. If this happens, technicians should fill the hole with a hardening filler, redrill the hole, and replace the screw or place a screw insert in the hole, then replace the screw.
2. Access-Control Technology Offers Enhanced Protection
I'm Steve Schuster, associate editor of Maintenance Solutions magazine. Today's topic discusses building security.
More than ever, the general public is demanding that institutional and commercial facilities provide greater security and access control to all areas inside and outside of buildings. In response, maintenance and engineering managers are paying greater attention to new products and technologies that can enhance the protection of buildings, occupants, and operations.
A new generation of electronic access-control technology offers managers the opportunity to enhance security of and control access to facilities — provided their technicians specify and maintain these products and systems properly.
From planning and design to implementation, maintenance, and training, all stages of an access control and bar-code system are equally important to ensure long-term and reliable performance. The two most common mistakes related to bar-code systems are setting an unrealistic timetable for installing the system and not fully explaining system capabilities to building occupants.
Managers who avoid these mistakes can ensure greater system reliability and fewer maintenance needs. The smooth introduction of the systems also will boost occupants' confidence in the technology, the organization's management, and the manufacturers and vendors of the equipment.
3. Door Hardware: Managers Must Consider Codes and Standards
This is Chris Matt, Managing Editor - Print & E-Media with Maintenance Solutions magazine. Today's tip is key codes and standards for door hardware.
Properly specifying door hardware for institutional and commercial facilities requires maintenance and engineering managers to consider the impact of codes and standards when selecting and installing handles, locks, closers, hinges and related products.
By reviewing applicable codes and guidelines for door-hardware products — most importantly, those related to fire and life safety and accessibility — managers can successfully incorporate these standards into the specification process to ensure success.
The official publications provided by the codifying bodies themselves are the main source for information about codes and standards. These standards are available in hard-copy and online versions and are available from reference libraries or by mail, phone, or online from the organization's websites.
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1: Fire Code, contains references and summaries of more 130 NFPA codes and standards covering a range of fire-protection and life-safety issues. Among the references and summaries:
• NFPA 13, Standard for Installation of Sprinkler Systems
• NFPA 25: Standard for the Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance of Water-Based Fire Protection Systems
• NFPA 54, National Fuel Gas Code
• NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquid Code
NFPA 80, Standards for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, codifies and references standards for fire doors and fire windows, while NFPA 101, Safety to Life in Buildings and Structures, covers the Life Safety Code.
Authorities having jurisdiction (AHJ) determine the codes that apply in a specific geographic area. They use these codes as the basis for local building codes. Also, the International Code Council (ICC)/American National Standards Institute (ANSI) A117.1, American National Standard for Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities, codifies accessibility rules based on the guidelines established under the Americans with Disabilities Act.
4. Security Retrofit Considerations
I'm Dan Hounsell, editor of Maintenance Solutions magazine. Today's topic is, managing security retrofits.
Facility managers at Miami Children's Hospital have a clear vision for the new central operations center they established as part of a major addition to the 1.2-million-square-foot main campus.
"We're turning this into what you'd find with a 911 system," says Philip Doyle, the hospital's director of public safety and emergency preparedness. One of the biggest challenges related to the security upgrade was that it was a retrofit, not an installation for a new construction project.
"I put in systems before where it was brand new, but here we were taking an existing system and upgrading it," Doyle says. "You never know what you're going to find."
Despite the challenges the upgrade posed for certain types of technology the hospital specified, the access-control system was fairly simple to retrofit. The hospital installed proximity readers throughout the new central energy plant and in other parts of the facility, and the team hopes to replace the remaining swipe-card systems soon, Doyle says.
"That's an easy process," he says of retrofitting the card readers. "You take the reader down, plug in the new proximity reader, bring it back up, and you're good to go. Where the difficulty comes in is that you have 3,000 employees that you have to issue 3,000 new IDs to. Right now, we're in the process of capturing all the employees' photos, trying to upload as much of their information as we can into the access-control system."
Proximity cards grant occupants access after they hold the card within about 6 inches of the reader. This system makes it easier for hospital personnel — whether transporting materials and patients or rushing to attend to an emergency — to move about the facility because they do not have to pull out an ID and swipe it across the reader. The new cards also contain more details about building occupants, such as emergency-contact information.
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