4 FM quick reads on ADA
1. ADA: Compliance Considerations
I'm Dan Hounsell, editor of Maintenance Solutions magazine. Today's topic is, ADA compliance considerations.
Maintenance and engineering managers rely on the guidance and knowledge of architects and contractors before and during new construction and renovations. Confidence in the architect's or contractor's ability to meet applicable codes and regulations is usually a given.
Since passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA, in 1990 and the implementation of Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines, or ADAAG, some managers have inserted references to nondiscrimination and compliance with the ADA into contracts. On the surface, this seems to offer all the protection needed. ADA is a federal law. It's easy to assume that architects and contractors will comply with it and fully understand it. But in real life, things aren't so simple.
Managers would be wise to invest time upfront to be sure the project they expect is actually the project architects and contractors deliver. Consider these questions to ask architects and contractors, many of which also apply to product manufacturers and representatives:
- Is your firm knowledgeable about the various disability-related laws and requirements pertinent to this project?
- What is your firm's design philosophy, particularly on accessibility and universal design?
- Does the firm involve people with disabilities in the design process?
- How disruptive will this project be to persons with disabilities?
- Does the firm have a list of past client references for similar accessibility projects that can be contacted?
ADA and the Path of Travel
I'm Dan Hounsell, editor of Maintenance Solutions magazine. Today's topic is, ADA and the path of travel.
Most discussions related to requirements under the Americans With Disabilities Act, or ADA, focus on such building components as doors and restrooms. One area managers might want to pay more attention to is the interior path of travel. Managers need to consider these issues:
• Lobby floor surfaces should be smooth and slip-resistant. Be cautious of floor-waxing products that become slippery when wet. They represent a trip-and-fall hazard waiting to happen.
• When using carpet runners at doors and lobbies, make sure edges are secured to the floor and do not curl.
• Make sure printed directories are readable, use larger print, and are not behind a reflective surface. One option is to use security staff to provide assistance to visitors.
• Make sure items such as hanging artwork and fire-extinguisher boxes are not mounted between 27 inches and 80 inches from the floor and do not protrude more than 4 inches from a wall or 12 inches from a post. A person with a visual disability using a cane will not detect these protruding objects before walking into them. The remedy is to either move the object to another location — or higher than 80 inches above the floor — or place something underneath it to provide a warning.
Most of these items require relatively easy and low-cost fixes, as well as a regular system of inspection and maintenance.
Renovations and ADA
I'm Dan Hounsell, editor of Maintenance Solutions magazine. Today's topic is, renovations and ADA.
Facility managers often ask when renovations trigger a requirement to bring a building in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA, and exactly how much compliance is required when this happens.
Under ADA requirements for readily achievable barrier removal under the ADA, barriers must be removed — with a few exceptions — regardless of any work being done.
Anytime renovations are made to a facility where barriers still exist, 20 percent of the construction costs must be spent on barrier removal on the path of travel. For ADA purposes, the path of travel also includes water fountains and rest rooms. Any renovation to a primary function area triggers the requirement. A primary function area is an area where the activities are germane to the business, such as a bank's teller stations.
ADA does not require barrier removal on the path of travel that exceeds 20 percent of the cost of the renovation, which is then considered to be disproportionate. The major difference between ADA requirements and building codes is that ADA requires barrier removal in existing buildings, regardless of renovations. Building codes do not come into play until renovations, alterations or new construction take place.
Data Centers Look For Ways To Fight Energy Costs
This is Casey Laughman, managing editor of Building Operating Management. Today's tip is to look beyond the server racks for energy savings in data centers.
The data center industry is booming. Construction is going on all across the country, the Internet is devouring bandwidth, and demand for cloud computing services is skyrocketing. But environmental responsibility and energy efficiency have become mainstays in commercial buildings, and when it comes to energy consumed per square foot, few commercial spaces can match the appetite of data centers.
To compound the problem, energy costs in some high-density locations have risen significantly over the past few years and many regions can expect further increases in the near future especially where deregulation is anticipated or has occurred. For example, in Maryland, utility rates increased from an average of 9 cents per kWh to almost 13 cents per kWh, while Pennsylvania is anticipating increases from about 8 cents to 10 cents. As a result, energy inefficient data centers are attracting the attention of corporations and government agencies, while a variety of other organizations are revising and creating standards to identify and enhance efficiencies in mission critical facilities.
While inefficiencies in data centers run the gamut, the majority of energy waste can be attributed to utilization equipment, with the second largest losses found in the mechanical system and uninterruptible power supply (UPS). Ultimately, a data center's overall efficiency begins and ends with an effective design for the mechanical and electrical infrastructure.
But before looking with those system, don't forget the basics. Effective design starts with an efficient building envelope. Although it is important to have a tight roof, it is just as essential to have a tight building slab, perimeter, and walls. A tight building envelope will allow for a central humidification system and effective air flow management to the cabinet.
Another basic, but easily ignored, key to efficiency is a lighting control system. These are value-engineered out of many projects, but installation of low-voltage lighting control systems and various lighting switching devices (such as occupancy sensors) can help manage the lighting load. Consideration should be given to high-efficiency lighting with low-harmonic ballasts, such as T5, LED lighting, dimming systems and flexible lighting control.