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Finding energy savings in HVAC systems
February 19, 2014 - Contact FacilitiesNet Editorial Staff »
Before you start replacing expensive equipment, work with your building engineer or maintenance technician, and conduct an audit to make sure your existing equipment works properly.
Some of the simple things you may find include:
- Variable frequency drives that were set on bypass because of a problem with the drive. We often find drives running at the full 60Hz because they have never been returned to their proper automatic action state.
- Economizer dampers in a particular fixed position because of linkage or drive motor failures.
- Outside air dampers with a 2x4 wedged into them to keep them open because of the same control failure as above.
- Dirty primary or secondary filters cutting down on proper air flow.
Probably the most underexplored area, though, is thorough examination of the hydronic coils, primarily the cooling coils. Cooling coils, especially those with tight fin spacings, oftentimes act as filters, trapping not only particulate but also biological masses on the fins. This not only impedes the proper volume of air getting through the coils and thus to the spaces served by the HVAC system, but also reduces the heat transfer of the system, causing the compressors to work harder and thus use more energy. And it’s the biologicals that can lead to that unpleasant "dirty socks" smell. So, proper cleaning of the cooling coils can not only save energy but also improve IAQ and IEQ. Please note the emphasis on "proper."