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Hardscape design

Hardscape Design Requires Collaboration Between All Parties



Grounds managers and owners and landscape contractors must work together to create a cohesive and functional designs.


By Mackenna Moralez, Associate Editor  
OTHER PARTS OF THIS ARTICLEPt. 1: This PagePt. 2: What to Plan for in a Hardscape Design Project


The old saying, “Don’t judge a book by its cover,” can apply to many different situations. When it comes to hardscape design, there is always that voice in the back of grounds managers’ heads describing the layout even before stepping foot into the space. Managers with institutional and commercial facilities are responsible for creating an environment that creates a positive first impression for visitors and occupants. 

Before beginning a project, managers must understand the intended use of the hardscape. Examining the needs versus what the owner wants allows for compromises to be made early on that helps focus the project.  

“From the perspective of landscape architecture, we feel that it’s very important for developers and managers to plan ahead for maintenance and upkeep,” says a representative from Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates (MVVA), a landscape architecture firm that works with college campuses and public parks, among other ventures.  “In our experience, this starts with solid construction, which helps safeguard function and appearance over time. Many elements that are invisible on opening day – such as an adequate base for hardscape, structural soil and root control measures – can make or break a project’s longevity. During the planning stages, landscape managers can also think about how best to plan for interim conditions during construction. This can include tree protection, maintaining key circulation routes, storing soils and plants and any measures to limit negative impacts on neighbors.” 

It is also important for landscape contractors and grounds managers to work closely together on hardscape projects. This collaboration allows everyone to understand the vision of the project from the start. Working together also lets managers advise crews of potential issues that might arise. Knowing this information ahead of time allows for proper solutions to be arranged in the event something happens.  

“One does the work, and one plans the work,” says James Kim, parks superintendent with the Vernon Hills Park District in Illinois. “If you were putting together a proposal based on just material cost and straight labor, which is fine, but don’t recognize that the terrain prohibits the use of a vehicle or equipment and need to walk or wheelbarrow everything in – there is a huge cost/efficiency loss, as an example. The benefit is really to better understand and implement the efficiencies of the project to keep costs down for both parties.” 

Project guidelines 

Each project comes with its own set of protocols. While it is typical for landscape contractors to start with the owner’s projected guidelines, there will often be times that different opportunities arise to create a landscape that is welcoming and maintainable. For example, LEED and SITES certifications can be reference points in design to help managers develop more sustainable designs.  

Meanwhile, each contractor has its own guidelines for each project. MVVA says that for each of their projects, they tag their own plants and the way they are sited.  

Guidelines vary from by project, and they can change based on existing conditions. There is usually a pay rate for each task for any type of job. Kim says the cost per linear feet times labor plus adding in equipment costs and overhead should be factored in for any additional work or unusual request. Giving in to a demand that is not necessarily feasible or possibly can hurt the project.  

“As the developer and manager of a landscape project, you need to prioritize the purpose of the outdoor space to help guide both design and budget,” says Shane Connell, executive vice president with The Connell Company, a real estate, hospitality and equipment leasing firm. “And as the developer or manager, it is important that the entire campus feels like one, coherent place. The landscape and hardscape should tie all the different real estate types together and connect them both physically and aesthetically.” 

Besides being aesthetically pleasing, hardscape designs aim to be functional. Hardscapes can help support traffic circulation by providing accessible travel surfaces and creating clear wayfinding cues. These layouts provide greater flexibility, allowing spaces to be used for more than one purpose. 

“In terms of maintaining function of hardscaped areas, managers should understand the potential for damage that any proposed temporary use might present to the hardscape,” according to MVVA.  “Managers should also be alert to any temporary uses that overstay their intended time. Above all, it is important that they understand how the design is meant to be used. Flexible management is important, but understanding the intentions will allow them to make decisions that preserve the vision.” 


Continue Reading: Hardscapes

Hardscape Design Requires Collaboration Between All Parties

What to Plan for in a Hardscape Design Project



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  posted on 8/10/2022   Article Use Policy




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