4 FM quick reads on interiors
1. Technology, Workforce Driving Design Changes
This is Casey Laughman, managing editor of Building Operating Management. Today's tip is that technology and a changing workforce are helping to drive green office design.
Although there are a number of forces enabling the transition to more flexibility in workspace design, two of the biggest are technology and a changing workforce. With laptops and wireless Internet connections now common in offices, workers can take their computers with them as opposed to being tethered to a desk.
That applies inside the building as well as out. If four team members need to collaborate on one particular item, they can meet in a conference room or an open area and still have all the information they need at hand, instead of exchanging notes or emails from their individual desks. This allows for more efficient interactions on team projects.
As for the workforce, it's becoming more open to the idea of this flexibility as the next generation enters. Architecture firm HOK teamed up with the International Facility Management Association, or IFMA, on the development of the "Distributed Work Research Report," a survey of distributed work — defined, simply, as work that is spread out among teams and performed in variable locations at varying times — and employee attitudes regarding it. In response to a question about how much appeal distributed work had to employees, 71 percent of employees under the age of 30 said it had a "strong appeal." In contrast, only 15 percent of workers 50 and older said the same.
Think about it this way: For one of those under-30 workers, what's the difference between four people sitting around a table at work with laptops and four people doing the same in a dorm?
2. The Benefits of Saving Space in Office Design
This is Casey Laughman, managing editor of Building Operating Management magazine. Today's tip is to look at how space needs to be used when designing an office.
It's still not easy being green, but it's easier now than it ever has been before. Market forces, voluntary rating systems and building codes have combined to make many products used as part of a sustainable office design more green than, say, five years ago. Practices such as optimizing daylight and installing occupancy sensors are now the norm, not the cutting edge, as the benefits have become clearly known.
Now, with wide-ranging improvements in other areas, facility managers are turning an eye toward one area that isn't covered in building codes — the space itself. Spurred by changes in how we work and the need for increased flexibility in where we work, facility managers are finding that when it comes to a sustainable office — and saving money at the same time — space truly is the final frontier.
When designing offices now, the key to sustainability is answering two deceptively simple questions: Who will occupy the space and what do they need it to do? After all, there's no need to dedicate workstations for a sales team that is in the office a few times a year. Instead, facility managers are turning to alternative work strategies like hoteling or use of spaces that can be used for collaborative work areas on a day-to-day basis and adapted as necessary when all hands are on deck.
That approach is not only inherently green, but also fiscally sound. After all, when you're talking about office planning, less really is more. If the options are an open workspace versus one that employs a lot of permanent walls, it's pretty clear which requires less material. In addition to offering a more collaborative workspace or a more flexible area for employees, an open floor plan requires fewer walls, which requires less drywall, less paint, fewer studs and less decoration. All of which, in turn, requires less money.
3. Variety of Carpet Options Can Earn LEED Points
In the world of carpet, capturing LEED points is a viable goal in a variety of categories. MR in LEED for New Construction (NC) is one example. LEED points for carpet selection can be gained by focusing on reuse, such as mandating the use of existing interior nonstructural floor covering elements in at least 50 percent of the completed building. The premise is to extend product lifecycles, conserve resources, retain cultural resources and reduce waste.
Up to two points are available under MR in LEED-NC if the project diverts construction and demolition debris from disposal in landfills and incineration facilities. The motivation is to re-direct recyclable recovered resources back to the manufacturing process and reusable materials to appropriate sites. Facility managers can help work toward LEED points regarding the use of carpet by mandating the recycling or salvaging of nonhazardous construction and demolition debris, establishing goals for diversion from disposal in landfills and incineration facilities, and adopting a construction waste management program. Still another one to two points can be had in the MR section if flooring materials are reused. Salvaged, refurbished or reused materials should constitute at least 5 percent of the total value of materials on the project. Materials with recycled content that make up at least 10 percent of the cost of the project materials also help capture LEED points.
Wood products have received a lot of attention lately, thanks to import issues from China. For LEED credits, points are available to encourage environmentally responsible forest management. In just one of several criteria dedicated to wood, LEED parameters require using a minimum of 50 percent (based on costs) of wood-based materials and products that are certified in accordance with the Forest Stewardship Council's principles and criteria for wood building components.
4. How to Choose the Right Paint
Dollar for dollar, paint can provide more of an impact within a space than almost any other element.
Of course, paint is more than merely decorative; it's also protective. As a starting point, it helps to know the differences between the types of paints available.
Several decades ago, oil-based paints were more common. Today, they largely have been phased out due to the ease of disposal and reduced application time that most latex paints can offer. In the paint world, latex refers to most water-based paints that use synthetic polymers, such as acrylic or vinyl acrylic, as binders.
Pure acrylic resins cost more than vinyl, but offer several benefits, including better washability and adhesion, along with resistance to water, cracking and blistering.
An all-acrylic paint is more flexible and less prone to brittleness. For exterior surfaces, acrylic paint does a better job of resisting UV-rays, and so won't fade as quickly as vinyl. That means that higher quality paints, which contain more acrylic, tend to cost more.
Along with its cost, facility managers who want to gauge the quality of a specific brand or type of paint can review the lists of products approved by the Master Painters Institute. These are available at the MPI's website, www.paintinfo.com, and are categorized by product type, such as latex interior flat finishes.
Another resource is ASTM International (www.astm.org), which develops international voluntary consensus standards.