Fire-rated Door Preventive Maintenance Ensures Function
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Passive fire-protection elements such as fire-rated door are an important components of a strategy to protect against the spread of fire and smoke within a facility. But as with anything in a building, improper maintenance and operation can render useless any fire-rated door.
The National Fire Protection Association's standard NFPA 80, Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives, speaks to the necessary inspection, testing, and maintenance procedures for fire-door assemblies. The 2010 version of NFPA 80 contains a number of elements that must be documented as part of an annual inspection by a knowledgeable person.
The standard includes 11 minimum inspection elements for fire-door assemblies:
- Door surfaces and frames do not have holes or breaks.
- Glazing, vision light frames, and glazing beads are intact.
- Doors, frames, hinges, hardware, and thresholds are aligned.
- There are no missing or broken parts.
- Door clearances around frames and at thresholds are appropriate.
- Self-closure devices operate.
- Coordinators are installed with an inactive leaf closing before active leaf.
- Latching hardware operates and secures the door when closed.
- Auxiliary hardware does not interfere with operation of the door assembly.
- Modifications do not void the label.
- Gasket and edge seals are verified for presence and integrity.
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